GENERAL INFORMATION

Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. Vietnamese fisheries production increased steadily YoY. Aquaculture output tent to sharply rise while capture ouput tend to slow down. In 2023, aquaculture occupied 59%, fishing output occupied 41%. From 2018-2023, ratio of fishing output has decreased from 46% to 41% of total fishery production in Vietnam. In 2023, total aquaculture area was 5.408 million tons, up 3.5%; total fishing output was 3.861 million tons, equal to 2022.

Available fish sources

According to a report of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Ba Ria - Vung Tau province, the total area of aquaculture in the province in May 2021 reached over 6.2 thousand hectares, bringing the output of aquaculture production in the month to 1,553 tons, up 4.8% over the same period in 2020.

Clam is one of the main species of aquaculture in Nam Dinh northern province. The province currently has more than 2,000 ha of clam farming, of which there are 2 large clam farming areas in Giao Thuy district with 1,665 ha, Nghia Hung district with 500 ha, annually supplying from 35 to 40 thousand tons of commercial clams and tens of billions of clam seed to the market.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Vietnam's seafood exports in the first five months of this year reached nearly $3.3 billion, up 14% over the same period. In general, seafood export turnover is still concentrated in the Mekong Delta provinces where the source of raw materials for aquaculture and exploitation is concentrated.

According to a report by the Ben Tre Fisheries Sub-Department, in May 2021, the province's total aquaculture area is estimated at 2,790 hectares, up 66.6%, the total aquaculture production is estimated at 35,726 tons, an increase of 44 % compared to the same period last year.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) The complicated developments of the Covid-19 epidemic continue in the world as well as in the country, significantly affecting trade and production activities. However, thanks to Vietnam's effective epidemic control solutions along with relatively favorable weather conditions and a slight increase in the prices of aquatic products, in the first 5 months of 2021, the fishery industry has kept growing. Total fishery production in May was estimated at 782.8 thousand tons, up 4.2% over the same period in 2020. Seafood export value in the first 5 months of 2021 reached US$3.27 billion, up 12% compared to same period in 2020.

 Report on Vietnam seafood exports issued by VASEP: Quartly update and official statistics and information on Vietnam seafood industry in relation with world seafood panorama.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) The Mekong Delta is entering the brackish water shrimp farming season in 2021, with an estimated increase in the farming area and harvest compared to 2020. However, since the beginning of the year until now, the COVID-19 epidemic has continued to break out, causing the shrimp exports of enterprises in the Mekong Delta face many difficulties, especially in the field of logistics, affecting and reducing the profits of shrimp companies in particular and seafood enterprises in general.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In 2021, Long An province's aquaculture output target is to reach over 60,000 tons, an increase of about 2,000 tons compared to 2020, of which, the output of brackish water shrimp will reach over 15,000 tons, the output of freshwater seafood will reach above 45,000 tons, an increase compared to 2020.

The Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu plans to expand super - intensive shrimp farming as it is sustainable and offers high production value.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In the first 3 months of 2021, the area of aquaculture in Ca Mau province, especially shrimp farming, continued to develop stably.

All fishing ships in Binh Dinh must obtain food safety certificates by the end of June as part of efforts to enhance the quality of fishery products caught by the south-central province's fishing fleet, according to a local agricultural official.

The Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu is building a high-tech shrimp farming area with the aim of becoming a centre of the country’s shrimp industry.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In recent years, Tra Vinh province has implemented the structure of the fisheries sector and has made changes in the right direction, especially the product structure.

The Mekong Delta province of Long An targets at least 60,000 tonnes of aquaculture production this year, about 2,000 tonnes higher than in 2020.

The districts of Go Cong Dong and Tan Phu Dong, which form key saline and brackish water aquaculture areas in the Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang, are targeting to have more than 10,500 ha of water surface area serving aquatic farming, mostly shrimp, this year.