GENERAL INFORMATION

Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to Ben Tre Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, so far this year, the total aquaculture area of the province is estimated at 45,850 hectares, reaching 98.6% of the year plan and up 1% compared to 2018.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to report of The General Statistics Office, Vietnam's seafood production in October 2019 was estimated at 733.8 thousand MT, up 5.4% over the same period in 2018; accumulation in 10 months was estimated at 6,698.7 thousand MT, up 5.4%; in which, aquaculture reached 3.5 million MT, capture fisheries touched 3.1 million MT.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In July and the first 7 months of 2019, the fisheries sector continued to be a bright spot in the agricultural sector with a stable growth. Generally, in the first 7 months of 2019, seafood production is estimated at 4,521,000 MT, up 5.6% over the same period in 2018.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to the report of the People's Committee of Quang Ngai Province, the fisheries output in the first 7 months of 2019 reached 155,677 MT, an increase of 7% over the same period in 2018, equal to 66.3% of the year plan; in which, capture output is estimated at 152,333 MT, aquaculture production reached 3,343 MT.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In the past 9 months of 2019, the fishing activities in Phu Yen province were favorable, the capture production reached nearly 55,000 MT, up 3% over the same period; in which tuna catch hit more than 3,335 MT, up 4.7%.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to the statistics of Directorate of Fisheries, the Mekong Delta has a brackish water shrimp farming area of over 620,000 hectares (accounting for over 91% of the country's shrimp farming area); the annual harvested shrimp output is about 484,000 MT (accounting for 81% of the national shrimp output).

Vietnam is one of six countries (Bangladesh, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines) that supply black tiger shrimp products to the world market.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Recently, fishermen of Quang Ninh district (Quang Binh province) have actively gone to the sea for fishing and expanded the area of aquaculture.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to Directorate of Fisheries, total seafood production in September 2019 reached 733.5 thousand MT, of which capture output hit 251 thousand MT, aquaculture volume touched 328.5 thousand MT. Accumulated from the beginning of 2019, the total output is estimated at 5,964.9 thousand MT, up 5.4% over the same period in 2018 and reaching 73.8% of the 2019 plan, of which, capture output is estimated at 2,850.9 thousand MT, aquaculture production is 3,114 thousand MT.

The Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu plans to expand its efficient and sustainable super-intensive shrimp farming and shrimp-rice farming models.

Local shrimp-breeding enterprises have mobilised investment from various sources to expand production in an aim to attract partners from shrimp supply chains from around the world.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Ca Mau increased the total production of farmed shrimp (tiger shrimp, whiteleg shrimp), meeting the demand for raw materials for exports in order to achieve a turnover of US$1.2 billion by the end of 2019.

From the beginning of the year until now, the aquaculture production in Binh Dinh province was estimated at over 4,641 MT, including: brackish water shrimp farming reached over 3,629 MT; lobster hit 1 MT; saltwater, brackish water and freshwater finfish reached 955 MT and other aquatic products touched 56 MT.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to the report of the Directorate of Fisheries, seafood production in the first 6 months of 2019 has developed quite well due to the increasing demand of the market.

The Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang has harvested more than 130,000 tonnes of aquatic species so far this year, up 15 percent from the same period last year, according to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.