Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

Kien Giang to spend over 3.4 billion USD on safe agricultural development
14:34 29/09/2020

( Vietnam needs to implement measures to trace the origin of seafood, determined to implement the recommendations of the European Commission to remove the IUU yellow card.

( In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic spread out all over the world that had a tremendous impact on the world tuna industry in general and the Vietnamese tuna industry in particular. Despite the difficulties, Vietnamese tuna processing and exporting enterprises have still been making efforts to overcome drawbacks.

In order to meet state management and market requirements, the Directorate of Fisheries (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam) is implementing software and piloting of electronic traceability in seafood supply chain.

With the average seafood import demand of 4.1-4.5 billion USD/year, Vietnam seafood has great room to increase exports to the UK market thanks to the push from the UKVFTA Free Trade Agreement.

( Lately, Quang Nam fishermen's fishing activities have been effective, bringing a stable income for fishermen.

Tuna-fishing boats in the central province of Khanh Hoa are busy with the ongoing season, as a vessel can earn nearly 100 million VND (4,300 USD) per trip, Dan Viet online newspaper reports.

The Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang plans to increase the area under industrial and semi-industrial shrimp farming models to 3,200ha and annual output to 28,000 tonnes this year, according to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

( The shrimp-rice model is highly evaluated for economic efficiency and is considered as a sustainable production model, adapting to climate change and saline intrusion. Therefore, Bac Lieu province is aiming to build and replicate this model to create clean agricultural products to export.

( Currently, the area of brackish water aquaculture of Binh Thuan is nearly 900 ha. Of which, Tuy Phong district made up 320 ha, Bac Binh accounts for 38 ha, Ham Thuan Bac and Ham Thuan Nam account for 23 and 145 ha respectively.... The main farming species is whiteleg shrimp with over 850 ha, the rest are other types such as crab, seabass, pomfret, and snail. Average shrimp production in the first 9 months of 2019 reached 10 MT/ha.

( According to Ben Tre Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, so far this year, the total aquaculture area of the province is estimated at 45,850 hectares, reaching 98.6% of the year plan and up 1% compared to 2018.

( According to report of The General Statistics Office, Vietnam's seafood production in October 2019 was estimated at 733.8 thousand MT, up 5.4% over the same period in 2018; accumulation in 10 months was estimated at 6,698.7 thousand MT, up 5.4%; in which, aquaculture reached 3.5 million MT, capture fisheries touched 3.1 million MT.

( In July and the first 7 months of 2019, the fisheries sector continued to be a bright spot in the agricultural sector with a stable growth. Generally, in the first 7 months of 2019, seafood production is estimated at 4,521,000 MT, up 5.6% over the same period in 2018.

( According to the report of the People's Committee of Quang Ngai Province, the fisheries output in the first 7 months of 2019 reached 155,677 MT, an increase of 7% over the same period in 2018, equal to 66.3% of the year plan; in which, capture output is estimated at 152,333 MT, aquaculture production reached 3,343 MT.

( In the past 9 months of 2019, the fishing activities in Phu Yen province were favorable, the capture production reached nearly 55,000 MT, up 3% over the same period; in which tuna catch hit more than 3,335 MT, up 4.7%.

( According to the statistics of Directorate of Fisheries, the Mekong Delta has a brackish water shrimp farming area of over 620,000 hectares (accounting for over 91% of the country's shrimp farming area); the annual harvested shrimp output is about 484,000 MT (accounting for 81% of the national shrimp output).