Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

The Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang is focusing on fisheries exploitation on the back of its favourable natural conditions.

A seminar on developing quality and productive agriculture took place in Hanoi on June 27 as part of the Vietnam Economic Forum 2017.

Mekong delta localities sought to achieve sustainable development for Tra fish farming in Vietnam at a conference in the Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang on June 23.

Authorities of the central province of Thua Thien-Hue is directing their resources on implementing 12 priority projects worth nearly VND1.2 trillion (US$52 million) to accelerate the agricultural restructuring process by 2020.

Local businesses in the Mekong Delta province of Tra Vinh earned 17.3 million USD from exporting aquatic products in the first half of 2017, an surge of 10.49 million USD against the same period last year.

( The aquaculture area of Bac Lieu province in April 2017 reached 108,437 ha; in which, the area for shrimp farming was 107,748 ha (that for intensive and semi-intensive black tiger shrimp and whiteleg shrimp was 3,467 ha, and that for other types of farming was 104,281 ha) and the area for fish and other marine products was 689 ha.

( According to the statistics from Khanh Hoa Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, in Jan-May 2017, the total aquaculture and capture output in Khanh Hoa province reached over 41,600 MT. Of that, aquaculture production hit 4,237 MT, completing 31% of the plan; capture output touched 37,395 MT, completing 40% of the plan.

( According to the statistics of Khanh Hoa Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, in April 2017, capture output of the province hit 182 MT; the figure in Jan-Apr 2017 was 553 MT, completing 46% of the plan. The farming area reached 342 ha, completing 76% of the plan with the aquaculture volume of 162 MT, completing 14% of the plan.

( In May 2017, Vietnam’s aquaculture production reached 370 thousand MT, up 3.3% over the previous year, the figure in Jan-May 2017 estimated at 1,235 thousand MT, up 2.4% year on year.

( In May 2017, Vietnam’s capture volume totaled 311.9 thousand MT, the figure in Jan-May 2017 amounted to 1,327 thousand MT, increasing by 5.2% over the same period last year. Of that, marine catch reached 1,264 thousand MT, up 5.5%; and inland catch hit 63,000 MT, equal to last year.

The Mekong Delta province of Ca Mau is implementing various measures to realise its goal of 2 billion USD worth of shrimp exports by 2020. The goal increases to 3 billion USD by in 2030.

( Currently, favorable weather facilitated fishing activities in the South fishing season, with main species such as silver croaker, tuna, scads, cuttlefish and mackerel.

( In May 2017, the area for intensive, semi-intensive shrimp stocking reached 1,846 hectares (including 994 hectares for black tiger shrimp farming, 852 hectares for whiteleg shrimp farming), down 05 hectares compared to the previous month and up 515 hectares over the same period in 2016.

Vietnam’s aquaculture output reached 370,000 tonnes in May, a year-on-year increase of 3.3 percent, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Vietnam’s aquatic product export turnover reached 618 million USD in May, pushing the total figure in the first five months of 2017 to 2.8 billion USD, a year-on-year rise of 10.4 percent, reported the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.