Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Tra Vinh to expand aquaculture area by 2,500 hectares to 2030

The Mekong Delta province of Tra Vinh is taking various steps to develop climate change-resilient aquaculture, setting its sights on expanding the local aquaculture area by 2,500 ha to reach 40,000 ha by 2030.

The Mekong Delta province of Tra Vinh is taking various steps to develop climate change-resilient aquaculture, setting its sights on expanding the local aquaculture area by 2,500 ha to reach 40,000 ha by 2030.

The province also aims to generate around 420 million VND (18,230 USD) in average earnings per ha over the next decade.

It plans to develop aquaculture in a way that is suitable for local conditions, adaptive to the impact of climate change, and relevant to both domestic and foreign demand.

Farming of prawns, especially giant tiger prawns and King prawns, and tra fish will become key sub-sectors that are sustainable, environmentally-friendly, and export-oriented.

Tra Vinh will also expand the farming of brackish and freshwater species, such as giant river prawns, sea crab, clams, snakehead murrel, and blood cockles, while increasing the area of caged aquaculture.

The province has been inviting investors in fisheries processing, producing high-quality prawn and tra fish products, and developing storage, preservation, and preliminary processing facilities as well as support services.

It has also been encouraging farmers to switch from low-yield rice farming to aquaculture and integrated rice and fish farming.

As sea levels rise, drought and saltwater intrusion resulting from climate change become more frequent in the region, it is no longer profitable to grow rice, Deputy Director of the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Le Van Dong said, adding that agricultural authorities have developed farming models adaptive to different areas./.

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