Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. Vietnamese fisheries production increased steadily YoY. Aquaculture output tent to sharply rise while capture ouput tend to slow down. In 2023, aquaculture occupied 59%, fishing output occupied 41%. From 2018-2023, ratio of fishing output has decreased from 46% to 41% of total fishery production in Vietnam. In 2023, total aquaculture area was 5.408 million tons, up 3.5%; total fishing output was 3.861 million tons, equal to 2022.

Tra Vinh province restructures fisheries in the direction of increasing added value

( In recent years, Tra Vinh province has implemented the structure of the fisheries sector and has made changes in the right direction, especially the product structure.
Tra Vinh province restructures fisheries in the direction of increasing added value
Tra Vinh province restructures fisheries in the direction of increasing added value

In the period 2014 - 2020, the average growth rate of aquatic production value of Tra Vinh has reached 8.61% per year; the rate of added value reaches over 0.8% per year; the proportion of aquaculture production value in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector by the end of 2020 increases nearly 14% compared to 2014.

In 2020, the province's total seafood output reached 230,440 tons, an increase of 67,690 tons compared to 2013; production value of aquaculture land reached 360 million VND/ha, 1.74 times higher than that of 2013.

To achieve the above growth, the agricultural sector of Tra Vinh province has coordinated with localities to focus on directing the review and construction of 4 master plans for breeding and aquaculture production areas, correctly and appropriately identifying main farmed aquatic species, such as tiger shrimp, white leg shrimp, pangasius, snakehead fish, clam ... to adjust the structure of cultured species, develop concentrated farming areas, suitable to ecological and natural regions.

At the same time, the province directs to build a model of production of high quality black tiger shrimp seed; models of white shrimp with high density intensive farming and complete 5 technical processes for white leg shrimp rearing; producing bran clam on canvas ponds, nursing bran to seed clams, contributing to increase farming productivity 2 - 3 times higher than mass production, so the survival rate is over 80%, bringing high profits for farmers ...

In the period 2014 - 2020, in addition to promoting development of aquaculture, Tra Vinh province also focused on improving efficiency in fishing, especially offshore fishing. The whole province currently has 1,180 fishing vessels with a total capacity of 144,970 CV (with 261 vessels of 15 m or more in length), contributing to bringing the catch by the end of 2020 to 75,990 tons (an increase of 1,607 tons compared to 2013); maintain the linkage model, logistic services associated with production groups, teams at sea, consolidate 53 cooperative groups at sea (of which 35 offshore fishing groups).

Related news