In Vietnam, the fishery sector plays an important role in the national economy, accounting for about 4-5 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and about 9-10% of national export revenue.

More than 4 millions of people working in the fishery and the growth in production have attributed to the fish exports. Thanks to strongly increase in many years, Vietnam ranks among the top ten seafood suppliers and its seafood products are exported to 170 markets in the world.

Shrimp, pangasius, tuna, squid and octopus are main seafood products exported by the country. In which, shrimp exports create about US$ 3.5 – 4 billion, make up 46-50% of the total seafood sales of Vietnam. Earnings from pangasius reached at US$ 1.7 – 1.8 billion (25% of the total) and exports from Tuna and Cephalopods are US$ 450 – 550 million for each.

Exports to the U.S, Japan, EU, China and South Korea make up 75% of Vietnam’s seafood sales to the wolrd.

5 advantages for Vietnam seafood exports:  

(1)  High commitment and participation from Government, Industry and companies for food safety, environment  and social responsibility;

(2)  Able to supply the big volume and safe quality and stable seafood products;

(3)  Meet all the customers’ requirements, incl. the vertical linkage (integration) for each species sector;

(4)  Vietnam is one in few countries in the world which has the good and stable labor resource; 

(5)  Vietnam has Agreements / FTAs with many countries and territories and has advantages both in product quality and im-ex tax.  

Listed seafood enterprises set a new peak in 2022

( Many unexpected events affected the operation of the seafood industry in 2022. However, in danger lies opportunity, the industry has overcome a difficult period and achieved unexpected results. Many seafood exporters have had a bumper business season.

Positive export growth has contributed to boosting business results of enterprises. According to data from VietstockFinance, the total revenue of 11 seafood enterprises (on HOSE, HNX, UPCoM) reached VND 39.6 trillion, up 32% over 2021. In which, 5 enterprises accounted for 87% of the whole industry's revenue, all of which grew over double digits.

According to SSI Research, the trend of devaluation of VND against USD during the year also benefits seafood businesses with revenue recorded in USD.

The biggest beneficiary from exporting pangasius to the US and China was Vinh Hoan JSC (HOSE: VHC) with revenue of 13.2 trillion dong, up 46% over the previous year. VHC's financial income also reached more than 459 billion dong, more than double the previous year thanks to more than 363 billion dong of unrealized exchange rate difference and 81.5 billion dong of deposit interest.

Exceeding the expectation of profit after tax (PAT) in 2022 by 25%, Vinh Hoan reached the PAT milestone of more than 2 trillion dong; net profit of more than 1.9 trillion dong, up 80% compared to 2022.

Also benefiting from pangasius exports, International Development and Investment Corporation - IDI (HOSE: IDI) and Navico (HOSE: ANV) increased revenue by 39% and 40%, respectively.

Chú thích ảnh

Compared to pangasius businesses, revenue growth of shrimp exporters was quite modest but still high compared to the previous year.

IDI's revenue reached 7.9 trillion VND, mainly from selling pangasius products and finished products accounted for 45%, sales of fishmeal and fish fat accounted for 37%.

ANV's revenue in 2022 reached nearly VND 4.9 trillion and tended to decrease in the second half of the year. The business results in the fourth quarter recorded a positive growth with an increase of 96% in net profit over the same period (VND 107 billion).

Compared to the ambitious PAT target of 900 billion for 2022, IDI only completed 62%. ANV fulfilled 77% of the plan with a pre-tax profit of nearly 774 billion dong. Although not meeting the annual target, in terms of growth, IDI and ANV are the two brightest enterprises reporting strong profits. IDI's net profit quadrupled to 543 billion dong, while ANV's profit increased 5 times to nearly 674 billion dong.

Compared to pangasius businesses, revenue growth of shrimp exporters was quite modest but still high compared to the previous year.

FIMEX VN (HOSE: FMC) achieved revenue of VND 5.7 trillion, up 10%. Most of them were revenue from selling seafood, nearly 5.5 trillion dong, up 10%; revenue from financial activities (mainly interest on exchange rate differences) was more than 73 billion dong, up 84%.

At the end of 2022, FMC's pre-tax profit is 328 billion dong, exceeding 9% of the year plan. After deducting tax, net profit reached 307.5 billion dong, up 15%.

Camimex Group JSC (HOSE: CMX) achieved more than VND 95 billion in profit after tax, equal to 32% of the year target. CMX's net profit only increased by 6% to 72 billion dong.

In general, the gross profit margin of seafood enterprises improved all compared to the previous year, reaching an average of 16%, while the previous year only reached 13%. The gross profit margin of pangasius exporters is larger than shrimp enterprises.

Compiled by Thuy Linh

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