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Fishery Profile
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I. OVERVIEW OF VIETNAM FISHERIES SECTOR  

Ÿ Land area: 329,560 sq km

Ÿ Coast line: 3,260 km

Ÿ EEZ area: 1 million sq. km

Ÿ Total production in 2018: 7.74 million MT (Capture: 3.59 million MT and  Aquaculture: 4.15 million MT)

Ÿ Export turnover in 2018: US$8.8 billions

Ÿ Labour force: more than 4 millions

In particular, the processing and seafood export sector brings jobs to about 300,000 workers.

Ÿ Fishery is a key national economic sector: take 4-5% GDP;  9-10% of total national turn-over and rank 5th for export value (follow: electronics, garment, crude oil, footwear). One of the top 5 seafood export countries of the world with high export rate to the world's top markets such as the US, EU, Japan 

VIETNAM FISHERIES PRODUCTION

The country's fisheries production increased from 4.9 million MT in 2008 to 7.7 million MT in 2018, the average annual growth was 5%. Of that, aquaculture production accounted for 53%, fishing output made up 47%.

Aquaculture production

2009 – 2018: Aquaculture output increased by 67% from 2.6 million MT to 3.9 million MT, the average annual growth was 6%. Aquaculture activities were mainly in the Mekong Delta (accounting for 95% of total pangasius production and 80% of total shrimp production)

Fishing production

2018: Total fisheries production was 3,5901 thousand MT, up 6% over 2017. Of which marine catching : 3,373 thousand MT, inland fishing 218 MT. Of which, ocean tuna catching was 16,650 MT, down 7% compared to 2017.

Total number of fishing boats (2018): 96.000 Boats. Of which 46,491 boats with length of 6-12m; 8,914 boats of 12-15m; 27,484 vessels of a length of 15-24m; 2,958 fishing vessels have a length> 24m. Wooden fishing vessels account for 98.6%, the rest are steel or new material vessels.

VIETNAM FISHERIES PRODUCTION IN 2018

Unit: Production value (VND bil.); Area (thousand ha); Volume (thousand m3); Number of vessels (units); Average productivity (MT/vessel); Yield (thousand MT);

NO

Items

Target in 2018

Implemented in 2018

2018/2017

I

FISHERY PRODUCTION VALUE

   222,821.9

228,139.8

        107.7

II

TOTAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION

       7,518.4

     7,744.5

        107.2

1

Aquaculture production

       4,011

     4,153.7

        108.3

 

Pangasius

       1,292.1

     1,426.1

        114

 

Shrimp in all varieties

          789.2

        800.0

        110.5

2

Fishing production

       3,507.4

     3,590.7

        106

III

NUMBER OF VESSELS (under Fisheries Law 2017)

   107,220

   95,847

 

 

Type 6 -< 12m

 

   46,491

 

 

Type 12 -< 15m

 

   18,914

 

 

Type 15 -< 24m

 

   27,484

 

 

Type >24m

 

     2,958

 

IV

AQUACULTURE

     

1

Pangasius

 

 

 

 

Area

       5,235

     5,400

        103.3

 

Production

       1,292.1

     1,426.1

        114

 

Production value

     21,061.2

 

 

2

Shrimp

 

 

 

 

Area

          700.0

        720.0

        105.4

 

Production

          789.2

        800.0

        110.5

 

incl:

 

 

 

 

 + Brackishwater shrimp

          743.0

       745.0

       109.0

 

 ++ Black tiger shrimp

          270.0

       270.0

       105.3

 

 ++ Whiteleg shrimp

          473.0

       475.0

       111.2

 

 + Other shrimp

            46.2

         46.2

       114.4

 3

Tilapia

 

 

 

 

Area

            28.0

          28.0

        105.7

 

Production

          232.1

        232.1

        105.5

 

Production value

       4,920.5

 

 

 

Farmed mollusk

 

 

 

 

Area

            49.0

          49.0

        102.1

 

Production

          286.0

        300.0

        110.0

 

Production value

       5,720

 

 

 4

Marine finfish

 

 

 

 

Volume

       1,250

     1,250

        114.3

 

Area

              5.4

            6.0

        117.6

 

Production

            57.0

          30.0

          58.8

 

Production value

       7,980

              -  

             -  

 5

Algae, Seaweed

 

 

 

 

Area

            11.5

          11.5

        112.7

 

Production

          113.0

        113.0

        107.6

 6

Lobster

 

 

 

 

Volume

       5,050

     5,050

        104.2

 

Production

              1.6

            1.6

        173.9

VIETNAM SEAFOOD EXPORTS

Vietnam seafood exports to markets in 2018 (US$ mil.)

Markets

QIV/2018

2018

2018 vs 2017 (%)

The US

485.342

1,623.022

14.5

EU

360.684

1,471.806

-0.6

The UK

88.894

321.369

12.5

Netherlands

60.540

297.107

-3.8

Germany

50.136

194.179

4.5

Belgium

33.262

148.704

-11.0

Italy

25.324

117.233

-21.5

Japan

393.189

1,378.105

5.2

China

336.219

1,210.877

-5.1

icl:   - Hong Kong

48.177

188.927

17.7

South Korea

253.964

864.127

9.9

ASEAN

179.106

669.255

9.4

Australia

57.221

270.193

44.5

Canada

68.437

239.789

6.6

Brazil

31.338

87.816

-17.3

Russia

25.001

86.541

-11.5

Others

257.583

900.394

10.1

Total

2,448.085

8,801.926

5.8

Vietnam seafood products for exports in 2018 (US$mil.)

Products

QIV/2018

2018

2018 vs 2017 (%)

Shrimp

933.071

3,554.403

-7.8

- Whiteleg shrimp

647.094

2,440.952

-3.5

- Black tiger shrimp

212.372

817.296

-7.0

Pangasius

665.227

2,261.487

26.5

Tuna

178.940

652.905

10.1

HS03

81.144

330.000

2.3

HS16

97.796

322.905

38.3

Mollusks

221.809

765.353

6.1

Cephalopod

198.576

672.308

8.3

Bivalve mollusks

22.520

88.701

-10.0

Other mollusks

0.713

4.344

109.9

Crabs and other crustaceans

45.576

134.257

14.1

Other marine finfish

403.463

1,433.520

8.1

Total

2,448.085

8,801.926

5.8

II. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES

1. Overall objectives 

According to Decision No. 1445/QD-TTg of August 16, 2013, approving the master plan on fisheries development through 2020 with a vision toward 2030, the fisheries sector will be basically industrialized by 2020 and modernized by 2030 and continue its comprehensive, effective and sustainable development and become a large commodity production sector with a rational structure and forms of organization of production and high productivity, quality, efficiency and competitiveness, firmly integrate into the international economy, step-by-step increased income and living standards of farmers and fishermen; while protecting the eco-environment and fishery resources and contributing to safeguarding national defense and security at sea and on islands.

2. A number of specific targets to 2020

a/ Total fisheries output will be around 7 million tons, of which fishing output will make up around 35% and aquaculture output will account for around 65%;

b/ Seafood export value will reach around USD 11 billion, with an annual average growth rate of 7-8% (during 2011-2020);

c/The proportion of exported value-added products will reach 50%;

d/ About 50% of fisheries workers will be trained;

dd/ Workers’ average per-capita income will triple the current amount;

e/ Post-harvest losses in marine catch will be reduced from more than 20% at present to below 10%.

Click download to view full text of Decision No. 1445/QD-TTg (English version)

Click here to view full text of Decision No. 1445/QD-TTg (Vietnamese version) 

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