Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Ca Mau raised shrimp production towards export turnover of US$1.2 billion

( Ca Mau increased the total production of farmed shrimp (tiger shrimp, whiteleg shrimp), meeting the demand for raw materials for exports in order to achieve a turnover of US$1.2 billion by the end of 2019.

The province now has more than 300,000 ha of aquaculture land, of which shrimp farming area is about 280,000 ha. By the end of this year, Ca Mau strives to increase the area of industrial shrimp farming to 10.695 ha and increase the area of extensive and improved shrimp farming to reach 136,500 hectares according to the proposed plan. Fisheries output reaches 560,000 tons; in which shrimp production reaches 208,500 MT.

In the first six months of 2019, the area of improved extensive shrimp farming reached more than 135,000 ha, equaling 99% of the plan, up 19.3% over the same period in 2018, the culturing area reached 96%.

Meanwhile, the area of industrial shrimp ponds in the province reached 9,473 ha, equaling 88.6% of the plan, down 1.5% over the same period last year, the farming area reached only over 50%. Shrimp production reached 93,350 tons, equal to 44% of the plan, up 6.7% over the same period in 2018.

Export value of the province reached US$432 million, equal to 36% of the plan, up 1.2% over the same period last year.