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Positive outlook for whiteleg shrimp exports
October 23, 2013, 05:11 PM
(vasep.com.vn) Vietnam’s whiteleg shrimp production and exports in 2013 are hoped to be speeded up thanks to global market’s high demand for cheap and small shrimp and sharp fall in shrimp output from Thailand-the leading supplier of whiteleg shrimp.

Whiteleg shrimp exports jump across black tiger shrimp

Through fortnight of September 2013, whiteleg shrimp exports registered US$875.4 million, jumping across earnings of US$868.3 million from black tiger shrimp. This is the first time in shrimp industry of Vietnam, whiteleg shrimp brought back more revenue than black tiger shrimp to the country.

Through September 2013, whiteleg shrimp export value was estimated to touch US$952.4 million,  accounted for 47.1 percent among Vietnam total shrimp sales, higher than US$928.2 million of black tiger shrimp exports with 45.9 percent proportion.

In 2012, on the farming area of 38,000 hectares, Vietnam harvested 190,000 MT of whiteleg shrimp, accounting for 38 percent of the country’s total shrimp output. Until the late September 2013, on the area of 47,283 hectares, local farmers harvested 106,497 MT of whiteleg shrimp, nearly keeping pace with 152,313 MT of black tiger shrimp.

High demand for whiteleg shrimp

Between Jan and Aug 2013, Vietnam’s whiteleg shrimp exports to almost main destinations increased because consumers favored cheap shrimp due to economic crisis. Total exports of the item from Vietnam reached nearly US$800 million, surpassing the figure of 2012 (more than US$740 million).

In Jan-Aug 2013, out of total shrimp exports to Japan, the proportion of whiteleg shrimp increased to 42.7 percent from 31.6 percent of the same time of 2012. The U.S. posted a double growth of 66.3 percent from 37 percent. Sales to EU and China also reported a remarkable growth of 53 percent and 19 percent from 45.7 percent and 11.4 percent, respectively.

Whiteleg shrimp exports to reach record US$1.2 billion

Whiteleg shrimp exports in 2013 are expected to have favourable conditions to grow and reach more than US$1.2 billion thanks to tremendous increase in shrimp price caused by sharp decline in global shrimp supply. Besides, high shrimp demand for the year end holidays in major markets also contributes to push up Vietnam’s whiteleg shrimp exports.

Between 2006 and 2008, whiteleg shrimp was allowed to be farmed in limited areas from Quang Ninh to Binh Thuan province, except for the Mekong Delta. Since the early 2008 the species farmed in Thailand and China was in high demand and compete strongly with black tiger shrimp products from Vietnam, farmers in the Mekong Delta has been authorized to breed whiteleg shrimp in industrial scale to diversify exported seafood products, meet demand for this species from global importers.

According to Directorate of Fisheries, through September 2013, the shrimp farming area reported by 22 provinces of Vietnam was 628,724 hectares. In which, 581,441 hectares of black tiger shrimp farming and 47,283 hectares of whiteleg shrimp farming. At that time, local farmers harvested 258,782 MT (+16.4 percent from that of the same time of 2012).

Kim Thu
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Specialist on Shrimp market
Ms Kim Thu
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