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Sector profile
Characteristics of the sector

I. Overview

Tunas concentrate mainly in the Central Vietnam and the center of East Sea. Tuna resources of Vietnam are estimated at over 600 thousand MT; in which skipjack is the major species, accounting for more than 50% of the total pelagic fish stocks.

Annual landings (including yellowfin tuna, big-eye tuna, skipjack tuna and others) are more than 200 thousand MT. Yellowfin tuna and big-eye tuna have average stock of over 45 thousand MT, with annual catch of 17,000 to 21,000 MT.

Yellowfin tuna and big-eye tuna are caught in the 6 month period from December to June of the next year. While skipjack tuna can be caught all year round. 

Tuna output in the EEZ of Vietnam is estimated at 27,000 MT. Binh Dinh is the top tuna catching province with 9,400 MT, followed by Khanh Hoa with 5,000 MT and Phu Yen with 4,000 MT.

Vietnam has been active in adopting international rules on sustainability such as IUU of EU or “Dolphin Safe” labeling of EII. In 2018, Vietnam’s tuna  exports contributes around 7.4% of total national seafood exports.

II. Tuna exports in 2018

Vietnam tuna products for exports in 2018 (US$)

Products

2018

Proportion (%)

Variation(%)

Tuna HS code 03 (1)

346,651,777

53.1

7.5

- Live/fresh/frozen/dried tuna (HS code 03) (except for HS code 0304)

36,336,666

 

-26.8

- Tuna (HS code 0304)

310,315,112

 

13.7

Processed tuna HS code 16 (2)

306,253,701

46.9

13.3

- Canned tuna (HS code 16)

173,305,475

 

-3.2

- Other processed tuna (HS code 16)

132,948,226

 

45.8

Total (1 + 2)

652,905,479

100.0

10.1

Source: Vietnam Customs

According to statistics, in 3 key provinces of bigeye and yellowfin tuna catch (> 30kg/pc) (Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa), the output in the first 11 months of 2018 was estimated at about 15,893 MT, down about 6% over the same period of 2017.

 

In 2018, Vietnam exported tuna to 105 markets, earning US$652,9 million, up 10% over 2017. Top 8 markets are: USA, EU, Israel, ASEAN,  Japan, Canada, China and Mexico, accounted for 87 % of the total export value. 

 

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Portal of Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP)
Head office in HCM city: 218 Road Nguyen Quy Canh, An Phu An Khanh New Urban Area, An Phu Ward, District 2, HCM city, Vietnam Tel: (+84 28) 62810430 / Fax: (+84 28) 62810437 - Email: vasephcmcity@vasep.com.vn
Rep. office in Ha Noi: 10 Nguyen Cong Hoan Street, Ngoc Khanh Ward, Ba Dinh District, Ha Noi City, Vietnam Tel: (+84 24) 37715055 / 37715318 - Fax: (+84 24) 37715084 - Email: vasephn@vasep.com.vn
In charge of content: Nguyen Hoai Nam (Mr) – Deputy General Secretary of VASEP
Managing Editor: Phung Thi Kim Thu (Ms.) Tel: (+84 24) 37715055 (ext: 203)
Email: kimthu@vasep.com.vn
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