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Sector profile
Sector profile
Characteristics of the sector

I. Overview:

Vietnam has more than 600,000 hectares of shrimp farming with two main species of black tiger shrimp and whiteleg shrimp.

In 2016, in the Mekong Delta, black tiger shrimp farming area accounted for 94.3% and whiteleg shrimp farming area accounted for 75.8% of total shrimp farming area of the whole country. The production of black tiger occupied 94,7% and that of white shrimp in the region occupied 74.4% of total shrimp production of the whole country.

Vietnam is the leading producer of black tiger shrimp in the world with a production of 300,000 tons per year. This is the traditional species in many past years while whiteleg shrimp has been cultivated in different provinces in the country since 2008.

Farming areas are concentrated in Mekong Delta provinces. Top 5 provinces having largest shrimp farming area include Ca Mau, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ben Tre and Kien Giang.

The shrimp industry is taking its advantages and makes efforts to control the whole production chain from hatcheries - farms – to finished products under global certifications such as ASC, GlobalGAP, BAP...

Vietnam shrimps are consumed in 155 markets in the world thanks to the high quality and social responsibility ensurance. Shrimp exports of the country reach US$ 3.5 – 4 billion annually and shrimp is the top seafood exported by the country.

II. Production 

III. Shrimp exports in 2016


 IV. Certifications of Vietnam shrimp 

In 2016, brackishwater shrimp production of the country was estimated at 609,300 MT (+ 3.3%) in which black tiger shrimp production was at 251.7 thousand MT (+1%); whiteleg shrimp was estimated at 357.6 thousand MT (+5%) with the farming area of 102.3 thousand ha (+16.3%).

In the Mekong Delta provinces, the farming area of black tiger shrimp estimated at 569,500 ha (+1.8%) and the production estimated at 251 thousand MT (+2.1%). The rearing area of whiteleg shrimp was gauged at 64,440 ha, an increase of 11.5% over 2015, output was estimated at 253.1 thousand MT (+ 15.6%).

In 2016, Vietnam's shrimp exports accounted for the highest proportion of nearly 45% of total seafood exports, with sales of US$3.15 billion; up 6.7% over 2015.

In 2016, Vietnam shrimp were exported to 93 markets. Top 10 main importing markets included the U.S., EU, Japan, China, South Korea, Australia, Canada, ASEAN, Taiwan and Switzerland; accounting for 95.4% of the country's total shrimp exports. 

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Portal of Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP)
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